stress. One or more
syllables of a polysyllabic word have greater prominence than the others. Such
syllables are said to be accented or stressed. In transcription it is marked
with the help of the special sign ['] before the stressed syllable: [`meni],
there are three degrees of word stress: stressed
syllables (primary stress), half-stressed
syllables (secondary stress) and weak or unstressed syllables.
A large group of polysyllabic simple words
has both the primary and the secondary stresses: `conver`sation,
several large groups of words in English with two equally strong stresses. The
use of the second stress is caused by the semantic significance of both equally
stressed elements of the word: rewrite, fourteen.
stress. In a sentence or an
intonation group some of the words are of greater importance than the others.
This mostly depends on the situation or context. Words which provide most of
the information are brought out in our speech by means of sentence stress.
Thus sentence stress is a special prominence, given to
one or more words according to their relative importance in a sentence.
There are three types of sentence stress:
stress affects content words which convey the necessary information to the
listener. I like oranges.
stress. By shifting the position of the last stress we can change the place
of the nucleus of the communicative center. My sister hates yellow jeans.
The type of sentence stress which gives special
prominence to a new element in a sentence or an intonation group is called
logical stress. The word which is singled out by the logical stress is the most
important in the sentence.
stress. Any word in sentence, including form words, personal and possessive
pronouns, auxiliary and modal verbs may be logically stressed. Most utterances
express not only the speaker's thoughts, but also feelings and attitudes to
reality and to the sentence. Both normal and logical stresses can be unemphatic
and emphatic. Emphatic stress increases the effort of expression. The High Fall
of Rise-Fall are usually used in this case. You are so nice!