relieve vt 1) to lessen or remove (pain or distress), e. g.
The remedy relieved his pain at once. Nothing could relieve her anxiety, to relieve one's feelings to make oneself feel better by using strong
language, shedding tears, etc., e. g. She burst out crying and that
relieved her feelings, to feel relieved (to hear or at
hearing, to see or at the sight of, to know smth.), e. g. They felt
relieved to hear that he was safe. syn. ease, as to ease the pain
of a wound; to ease a person's anxiety, e. g. This medicine will ease
the pain quickly. 2) to take another's place on duty, as to relieve a
sentry; 3) to take smth. from a person, e. g. Let me relieve you of your
relief n lessening or
ending of pain, anxiety, etc., as to sigh with relief; to give (to
bring) relief (no relief, some relief) to smb., e. g. The medicine
brought (gave) him immediate relief. Tears brought her no relief. What a
relief! syn. comfort, e. g. The
news that her son was getting well and strong brought great comfort to her.
art n 1) creation of
beautifil things, as a work of art; art-lover; art critic; genuine art;
pretence of art; graphic art; applied art; folk art; the Fine Arts (painting,
music, sculpture), е. д. I am interested in the new trends in art. 2) pi.
the Humanities, e. g. History and literature are among the arts. Bachelor
(Master) of Arts (a university degree); 3) skill, craft, e. g. The
making of such rafts has become a lost art.
artist n a person who
practises one of the Fine Arts, esp. paintings, as a professional
artist, amateur artist, e. g. Reynolds was the most prominent artist of
artistic adj done with skill and good taste, as artistic
skill; artistic taste; artistic person, e. g. Gainsborough was
essentially an artistic person.
artificial adj 1) not natural, as artificial flowers (light,
silk, etc.), e. g. Andrew Manson had to use artificial respiration to
revive the baby. 2) not genuine or sincere, e. g. Her smile is so artificial
that I don't trust her.
draw vt/i 1) to pull or cause to move from one place to
another, e. g. Draw your chair nearer to the table. 2) to pull, to take out, e.
g. He put his hand in his pocket and drew out a ring. 3) to make smb.
talk esp. one who is unwilling to talk, e. g. It's very difficult
to draw him out. 4) to attract, e. g. The exhibition is sure to draw
crowds. 5) to get; to obtain, er-~gr. He draws his inspiration from nature.
They drew different conclusions from the same facts. 6) to make lines on paper,
as to draw well; to draw in pencil; to draw a bunch of flowers, e. g.
He drew a picture of his niece. I can draw a map of the area for you. 7) to
move or come towards, e. g. The concert season is drawing to a close.
draw n something that
attracts attention, e. g. The new play proved a great draw.
drawing n the art of
making pictures; a picture, e. g. Turner left a vast mass of work, oil
paintings, water-colours and drawings.
picture n 1) painting,
drawing, sketch, as a picture gallery; in the foreground (background) of
the picture, e. g. There is nothing of unusual interest in the subject
matter of the picture. Every detail in the picture plays its part in the
composition, syn. piece, as a flower piece, a conversation piece. 2)
photograph, e. g. The picture I took of you last week turned out very
well. 3) a perfect type, an embodiment, e. g. You look the picture of
health. 4) a film, е. д. I like to see a good picture once in a while.
picture vt 1) to make a picture, describe in words, e.
g. The novel pictures life in Russia before the Revolution. 2) to imagine, е. д. I can't quite picture you as a teacher.
depict vt to make a picture of, e. g. Perov liked
to depict the scenes and types of common life. syn. represent, portray, e. g. The picture represented two Italian women
talking. Turner tried to portray the mood of the sea.
picturesque adj giving vivid impression of nature or reality;
romantic, е. д. I wonder who lives in that picturesque cottage
paint n, e. g. Constable
sometimes used a palette knife to apply the paint instead of a brush.
paint vt/i 1) to put paint on, e. g. They painted
the door white. 2) to make a picture by using paint, as to paint from
nature, e. g. Ceremonial portraits were painted according to formula.
Turner excelled in painting marine subjects. 3) to describe vividly in words,
e. g. You are painting the situation too dark.
painter n an artist, as
painter of battle-pieces, genre painter, landscape painter, portrait
painting n 1) the act,
art or occupation of laying on colours, e. g. Painting has become his
world. 2) a painted picture, as an oil paintings, still life paintings,
a collection of paintings, an exquisite piece of painting, syn. canvas, e. g. An oil-painting caught and held
him ... he forgot his awkward walk and came closer to the painting, very close.
The beauty faded out of the canvas.
colour n 1) as bright
(dark, rich, cool, warm, dull, faded) colours, e. g. The dancers wore tight-fitting
dresses of richly glowing colours, colour scheme combination of
colours, e. g. Gainsborough's pictures are painted in clear and
transparent tone, in a colour scheme where blue and green predominate. 2)
materials used by painters, e. g. Turner constantly used water-colour
for immediate studies from nature, to paint smth. in (dark) bright colours to describe smth. (un) favourably, e. g. The
headmaster painted the school's future in bright colours. 3) the red or pink in
the cheeks, e. g. She has very little colour today, off colour not feeling well; in low spirits, e. g. He's
been feeling rather off colour lately.
colour vt/i 1) to become coloured, e. g. The leaves
have begun to colour. 2) (fig.) to change in some way, to make a
description more exciting, e. g. News is often coloured in newspapers.
coloured adj having colour, as cream-coloured;
flesh-coloured; a coloured print; a multicoloured handkerchief, e. g. I'll
make myself one white and one coloured dress for the summer. When they were wet
the pebbles were multicoloured and beautiful.
colourless adj without colour; pale; (fig.) without
interest or character, as a colourless story (person); ant. colourful.
colouring n style in which
the thing is coloured, as gaudy (subtle) colouring, e. g. His
drawing is good but his colouring is poor.
colourist n an artist
whose works are characterized by beauty of colour, e. g. As a colourist
Gainsborough had few rivals among English painters.
doubt n uncertainty of
mind; lack of certainty; a state of uncertainty, e. g. There is (there
can be) no (not much, some, great, slight) doubt about it. I have no (not much,
little, not the slightest) doubt that he will come. I have doubts as to his
intentions, no doubt certainly, e. g.
She will no doubt cope with the work.
doubt vt/i to be uncertain, as to doubt the truth
of smth. (the facts, smb.'s ability to do smth., etc.), e. g. Do you
doubt his honesty? to doubt if (whether) smth. is correct (true, wrong, smb. will do
smth.), е. д. I doubt whether he will come, not to doubt that, е. д. I don't doubt that he will come. Do you doubt
that he will come?
doubtful adj uncertain; not definite; hesitating, e. g. The.
weather ' looks very doubtful. He's a doubtful character, to be (feel) doubtful as to, e. g. I'm doubtful as to what I ought
select vt to pick out, esp.
for its superior qualities, as to select a gift (a suitable person,
the best singers, the most typical cases, the best samples, etc.), e. g. They
selected a site for the monument, syn. choose, pick, e. g. The small girl chose the biggest
apple in the dish. I picked this way because it was the shortest.
selection n choice; a
collection of specially chosen examples, as natural (artificial)
selection; selections from Shakespeare (Russian composers, etc.); poetry, prose
selections; a good selection of paintings (goods, etc.), e. g. This
department store has a good selection of hats.
size n 1) a degree of
largeness or smallness, e. g. It was about the size of a pea-nut. 2) one
of a series of numbered classes, e. g. What size shoes (gloves, collar)
do you wear? — Size 36 shoes. I want a hat a size smaller (larger). They bought
him a coat a size (two sizes) too large (small) for him.
-sized adj (in
compounds) having a certain
size, as medium-sized; a life-sized portrait, е. д. I want medium-sized pajamas.
effort n trying hard, as
a heroic (tremendous, last, strong, great, desperate, etc.) effort;
continued (constant, vain) efforts, e. g. It was such an effort to get
up on those dark winter mornings, to do smth. with an effort (without effort), e. g. He collected himself with an
effort. He lifted the box without effort, to make an (every, no) effort, е. д. I will make every (no) effort to help him. to cost smb. much effort to do smth., e. g. It cost me much effort of will to
give up tobacco, to spare no effort(s), e. g. The police promised to spare no effort(s) in their search/in
searching for the missing child.